The People’s Gourmet

The 10 Oldest Houses of Bordeaux Wine That Still Exist

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Mr. Gourmet

The Bordeaux region in France is renowned for its exquisite wines and breathtaking vineyards. With a wine-making history that spans centuries, Bordeaux has produced some of the world's finest wines. This article takes you on a journey through the 10 oldest houses of Bordeaux wine that still exist today, allowing you to discover the rich heritage and time-honored traditions that contribute to the region's enduring legacy.

Table of Contents

Château Pichon Baron: Rooted in the 17th Century


The house was founded in 1694, Château Pichon Baron has been producing high-quality wines for over three centuries. The current beautiful estate however was built in the 19th century and is situated in the heart of Pauillac. The château is recognized for its elegant architecture and stunning gardens. A testament to its storied past, Château Pichon Baron continues to craft outstanding Bordeaux blends that are highly sought after by collectors and connoisseurs alike.

Château Lafite Rothschild: A Legacy of Excellence


Château Lafite Rothschild has been producing some of the world’s finest wines since the early 18th century. This prestigious estate, located in Pauillac, is a testament to the Rothschild family’s commitment to preserving tradition while embracing innovation. With its legendary cellar and highly coveted wines, Château Lafite Rothschild remains a beacon of excellence in the Bordeaux wine industry.

Château d’Yquem: A Sweet Heritage

Benjamin Zingg

Established in 1593, Château d’Yquem is a legendary estate nestled in the heart of Sauternes. Renowned for its sweet, golden wines, this historic château has become synonymous with luxury and prestige. Its unique terroir and meticulous winemaking techniques have resulted in Château d’Yquem’s unparalleled reputation as the world’s finest producer of dessert wines.

Château Margaux: A Pillar of Tradition

Benjamin Zingg

Château Margaux dates back to the 12th century, but its modern history began in the 16th century when Pierre de Lestonnac expanded the estate and introduced new grape varieties. Located in the heart of the Margaux appellation, this prestigious estate has been at the forefront of winemaking excellence for centuries. Today, Château Margaux continues to produce exceptional wines that reflect its storied heritage.

Château Haut-Brion: A Timeless Treasure

Henry Salomé

Château Haut-Brion’s roots can be traced back to the 16th century, making it one of Bordeaux’s most historic estates. Situated in Pessac-Léognan, this château has consistently produced exceptional wines throughout its long history. Its unique terroir and dedication to excellence have earned Château Haut-Brion a place among the world’s most esteemed wineries.

Château Mouton Rothschild: A Royal Pedigree

Benjamin Zingg

Founded in the early 18th century, Château Mouton Rothschild is a prestigious estate located in the Pauillac appellation. Acquired by the Rothschild family in 1853, the château quickly gained a reputation for producing some of the world’s finest wines. Today, Château Mouton Rothschild continues to build on its legacy of innovation and quality, maintaining its status as a top-tier Bordeaux producer.

Château Palmer: An Elegant History


Dating back to the early 18th century, Château Palmer is a renowned estate in the Margaux appellation. Its rich history is marked by a strong commitment to quality and tradition, producing elegant wines that have captivated connoisseurs for centuries. Château Palmer’s unique terroir and masterful winemaking techniques have earned it a reputation as one of Bordeaux’s most esteemed estates.

Château La Mission Haut-Brion: A Sacred Tradition

Henry Salomé

Established in the early 16th century, Château La Mission Haut-Brion has a long history of winemaking excellence. Located in Pessac-Léognan, this historic estate was once owned by the Lazarist Fathers, a religious order dedicated to serving the poor. Today, Château La Mission Haut-Brion continues to produce exceptional wines that honor its rich heritage and sacred traditions.

Château Latour: A Towering Legacy


Château Latour’s storied past dates back to the 14th century, but its modern history began in the 17th century with the introduction of new winemaking techniques. This illustrious estate in Pauillac has been producing exceptional wines for centuries, with its signature Grand Vin revered by collectors and enthusiasts alike. Château Latour’s commitment to excellence and innovation has solidified its place among Bordeaux’s elite wineries.

Château Cheval Blanc: A Timeless Classic

Benjamin Zingg

Founded in the 1830s, Château Cheval Blanc has become one of the most iconic estates in Bordeaux’s Saint-Émilion region. Known for its exceptional terroir and distinctive wines, Château Cheval Blanc has earned a reputation for crafting some of the most sought-after blends in the world. Today, this historic estate continues to build on its legacy of quality and innovation, producing wines that are nothing short of extraordinary.


The 10 oldest houses of Bordeaux wine that still exist today stand as a testament to the region’s rich history and unwavering commitment to excellence. These storied estates have not only shaped the world of wine but have also played an integral role in preserving Bordeaux’s cultural heritage. A journey through these historic wineries offers a unique opportunity to experience the time-honored traditions that have made Bordeaux one of the world’s most esteemed wine regions.

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Frequently asked questions

What is Bordeaux wine?

Bordeaux wine refers to wines produced in the Bordeaux region of France, known for its diverse range of grape varieties and wine styles, including red, white, and dessert wines.

What are the main grape varieties in Bordeaux wine?

The main grape varieties in Bordeaux include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle.

What makes Bordeaux wine so special?

Bordeaux wines are renowned for their exceptional quality, unique terroir, and centuries-old winemaking traditions. The region’s diverse range of grape varieties and climatic conditions contributes to the distinct characteristics of Bordeaux wines.

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